Bruno Munari

One of the most important exponents of art, design, and graphics of the twentieth century, Bruno Munari (Milan 24 October 1907 – Milan 29 September 1998) began to work at the age of eighteen in various graphics studios, thanks to the help of an uncle who was an engineer.


One of the most important exponents of art, design, and graphics of the twentieth century, Bruno Munari (Milan 24 October 1907 – Milan 29 September 1998) began to work at the age of eighteen in various graphics studios, thanks to the help of an uncle who was an engineer.

As a very young man in Milan, Munari took part in the second generation of Futurists with whom he exhibited in the Galleria Pesaro in numerous group shows, such as those in 1927, 1929, 1931, and 1932. In 1929 he opened his own graphics and advertising studio and, in 1930, he made the first mobile in history, an aerial sculpture that opened the way to his “useless machines”. In fact, this area of interest was to continue in 1933 with the creation of suspended objects harmonically related together by their size, forms, and weight. Between 1930 and 1936 he took part in some editions of the Venice Biennale, the Rome Quadriennale, and the Milan Triennale. Besides his art work, Bruno Munari continued with his graphics work.  He worked at Mondadori as art director and, in 1948 together with Gillo Dorfles, Gianni Monnet, Galliano Mazzon, and Atanasio Soldati, he founded the Movimento Arte Concreta, MAC, a novelty for Italian art. This movement represented and proposed an interdisciplinary vision of the arts, and put on the same plane painting, architecture, sculpture, and design. These were fruitful years for Bruno Munari, years in which he collaborated with numerous magazines, amongst which “La Lettura”, “Natura”, “Settebello”, and “L’Ufficio Moderno”, he also illustrated Futurist books, including “Il Poema del vestito di latte” by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, and designed adverts for Campari. In 1942 he published “Le machine di Munari” and, in 1945, a series of innovative books for children inspired by the infancy of his son Alberto, born in 1940.

Over time Munari progressively distanced himself from the Futurist groups and maintained an autonomous position with respect to other Italian art groups. In 1950 he presented his “Libri illegibili”, Illegible Books, consisting of purely visual stories, and his first series of “Negativi-positivi” paintings, abstract works that were drawn contemporaneously in “two parts” and which were exhibited for the first time at the Libreria Salto and then in Paris in 1951, Milan (1952), and Rome (1953). In 1952 he received the first requests from the industrial sector for serially produced objects, and he made two toys in foam rubber, one of which was awarded the Compasso d’oro prize in 1954. Bruno Munari’s involvement in design became continuous after 1957 when he began to collaborate with the Danese firm in Milan. The following year, Munari created a sign language by modelling the tines of forks and, in the same year, presented his travelling sculptures, a new look at the concept of sculpture, the symbol of the new globalised world, where even sculpture was no longer monumental but was in a “journeying” format. During the 1950s his fame travelled beyond national boundaries and his “Useless machines” were exhibited in Europe and America. In 1962, in the Olivetti store in Milan, he organised a famous show about Programmed Art. In 1967 he was invited by Harvard University to hold a course on visual communications. In 1968 he took part in the Milan Triennale, and continued with his studies of the world of childhood. And it was for children that, in 1970/71 he designed for the Robots firm his famous “Abitacolo”, a transformable inhabitable space. In the Brera gallery, Milan, in1977 he began to plan a workshop for children, the acme of his interest in childhood. In 1979 he was awarded a further Compasso d’oro for “Abitacolo”, and then received a mention of honour from the New York Academy of Sciences; lastly, in 1989 he was awarded an honours degree in architecture by Genoa University.

In the 1980s and 1990s Munari’s creativity not only did not diminish but increased and was concretised in new and different series of works, such as his “Sculture filipesi”, 1981, his 1989 rotors, his high tension structures in 1990, and the large Weathering steel sculptures  exhibited in Naples, Cesenatico, and Riva del Garda. One of his last projects was for a “free time” watch designed for Swatch in 1997.

The artist died in Milan on 30 September 1998.



Saõ Paulo, Museum de Casa Brasileira, Bruno Munari: A Mudança è a única constante no universo

Paris, Lpeve&Co, Bruno Munari vu par matali crasset 

Napoli, Fondazione Plart, Bruno Munari. I colori della luce

New York, Andrew Kreps Gallery, Bruno Munari. Works 1930-1996

Rivanazzano Terme, Associazione Art Art, La Collezione Riccardi ospita: Bruno Munari



Napoli, PLART, Bruno Munari: i colori della luce

New York, Andrew Kreps Gallery and Kaufmann Repetto Gallery, Bruno Munari. Works 1930-1996

Milano, Kaufmann Repetto Gallery, Bruno Munari. Ognuno vede ciò che sa

Milano, Galleria 10 A.M. Art, Creatore di forme



Milano, MAAB Gallery, The game is on!

Rosigliano Marittimo (LI), Galleria Granelli

Cittadella (PD), Palazzo Pretorio

Torino, MEF - Museo Ettore Fico



Venaria Reale (TO), Res Publica



Castiglioncello (LI), Galleria Granelli

Milano, Galleria Bonelli



Milano, Museo del Novecento



Shizouka, The Vangi’s Sculpture Museum



Brescia, Galleria dell’Incisione

Bologna, Massimo & Sonia Cirulli

London, Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art

New York, Galleria Cirulli

Milano, Galleria Six

Milano, Dep Art



Padova, Maab Studio D’arte



Yokusuka, Yokusuka Museum of Art

Milano, Galleria Allegra Ravizza

Treviso, Galleria l’Elefante



Roma, GalleriaUno

Mantova, Galleria Corraini



Mantova, Galleria Corraini

Roma, Museo dell’Ara Pacis

Mantova, Galleria Corraini

Sassuolo (MO), Betta Frigieri Arte Conteporanea

Shiga, The Museum of Modern Art Shiga

Mantova, Galleria Corraini

Treviso, Galleria l’Elefante



Ancona, Biblioteca L. Benincasa

Prato, Centro per l’Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci

Mantova, Galleria Corraini



Busto Arsizio (VA), Fondazione Bandera per l’Arte

Nuoro, Museo d’Arte di Nuoro



Torino, Palazzo Cisterna

Gallarate (VA), Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna

Lugano, Studio D'Arte Contemporanea Dabbeni

Lubin, Galeria Stara

Trnava, Palazzo Koniarek, Museo d'Arte Moderna



Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Trieste, Scuderie del Castello di Miramare

Brno, Dum Umeni (Kunsthalle)

Klenova, Museo d'Arte Moderna Galleria Klatovy



Bergamo, Galleria Fumagalli

Brescia, Galleria Sincron



Lainate (MI), Villa Litta Borromeo Visconti

Alessandria, Loft Art Tacchella

Cantù (CO), Palazzo delle esposizioni)

Zurich, Museum für Gestaltung



Livorno, Galleria Peccolo

Palazzolo sull'Oglio (BS), Galleria F22

Novara, Studio UXA

Mantova, Galleria Corraini



Bolzano, Galleria Spatia

Novara, Galleria Stazionedellarte



Brescia, Galleria Sincron - with Jiri Kolar

Bra (CN), Centro Polifunzionale G. Arpino

Mantova, Galleria Corraini

Milano, Negozio Danese

Milano, Centro Domus

Milano, Galleria Vismara



Milano, Galleria Vismara

Napoli, Studio Morra

Como, Galleria Atrio

Torino, Saletta Rossa

Soncino, Rocca Sforzesca

Finale Ligure (SV), Galleria Valente Arte Contemporanea



Faenza (RA), Museo Internazionale delle ceramiche

Jerusalem, Israel Museum



Brescia, Galleria Sincron 

Cernenglos, Villa Laura

Cesenatico (FC), Galleria Comunale d'Arte Leonardo da Vinci

Novara, Studio UXA and Comune 



Milano, Galleria Danese

Milano, Galleria Vismara

Brescia, Galleria Sincron



Milano, Palazzo Reale

Rovigo, Accademia dei Concordi

Novara, Studio UXA

Venezia, XLIII Biennale Internazionale d'Arte

Brescia, Galleria Sincron



Milano, Museo di Storia Naturale

Paris, Galleria Danese



Mantova, Galleria Corraini

Trieste, Studio d'Arte Nadia Bassanese

Puerto la Cruz, Galerìa Municipal

Maracaibo, Centro de Bellas Artes

Valencia, Ateneo de Valencia

Maracaibo, Casa de la Cultura

Barquisimeto, Museo de Barquisimeto

Caracas, Museo de los Niños y Museo de Bellas Artes

Bolivár, Museo de Arte Moderno Fundaciòn Soto



Palazzolo sull'Oglio (BS), Galleria F22

Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Milano, Galleria Plura



Galleria Nomen 



Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Milano, Danese



Ivrea (TO), Olivetti

Milano, Danese

Milano, Galleria Apollinaire

Brescia, Galleria Sincron



Parma, Università degli Studi, Salone delle Scuderie in Pilotta



Palazzolo sull'Oglio (BS), Galleria Studio F22

Milano, Galleria Arte Struktura

Genova, Galleria del Portello

Mestre, Galleria 8 + 1



Brescia, Galleria Sincron - with Mario Ballocco

Savona, Galleria Il Brandale



Genova, Centro del Portellova

Novara, Studio UXA

Milano, Galleria Mercato del Sale



Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Parma, Galleria A

Cadaques, Galleria Cadaques



Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Milano, Galleria Blu



Zagreb, Galerie Zagreb

Ostiglia (MN), Galleria L'Incontro

Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Milano, Galleria Zen

Pescara, Galleria Nuova Dimensione



Venezia, Galleria del Cavallino

Padova, Galleria La Chiocciola

Parma, Galleria della Steccata

København and Stockholm, Istituto Italiano di Cultura 



Montevideo, Istituto Italiano di Cultura

Milano, Galleria San Fedele

Milano, Salone dell'Annunciata 



Milano, Gallerian Danese

Milano, Gallerian Danese

Novara, Studio UXA

Graz, Kunstlerhaus

Venezia, Biennale

Milano, Galleria Annunciata

Bergamo, Studio 2B

Monza, Galleria Caprotti

Brescia, Galleria Sincron



New York, Design Research

Roma, Studio Farnese



Parma, Galleria A

Cadaques, Galleria Cadaques

Ostiglia (MN), Galleria l'Incontro

Brescia, Galleria Sincron

Milano, Galleria Danese

Como, Galleria La Colonna

Basel, Kunstwerbeschule



Milano, Galleria Vismara

Milano, Galleria Danese



Napoli, Galleria Modern Art

Roma, Galleria dell'Obelisco

New York, Design Research

New York, Howard Wise Gallery

Venezia, XXXIII Biennale Internazionale d'Arte



Milano, Galleria Danese



Zurich, Galleria Objet



Milano, Galleria Danese



Milano, Galleria Danese



Milano, Galleria San Fedele

Tokyo, The National Museum of Modern Art



Milano, Galleria Danese



Stochkolm, Museo d'arte Moderna

Milano, Galleria Danese

Milano, Galleria Montenapoleone

Milano, Studio di Architettura di M. Brunati, S. Mendini, F. Villa



Paris, Galleria Christofle



Milano, Saletta dell'arte, Libreria S. Babila 



Milano, Galleria Apollinaire 

New York,Museum of Modern Art 

Firenze, Galleria Numero

Roma, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna

Milano, Galleria del Fiore



New York, Studio Leo Lionni



Milano, Studio B24

Milano, Saletta dell'Elicottero, Bar dell'Annunciata



Venezia, XXVI Biennale Internazionale d'Arte

Milano, Galleria Bergamini



Milano, Saletta dell'Elicottero, Bar dell'Annunciata

Milano, Centro di Studi Grafic



Milano, Galleria dell'Annunciata 

Venezia, Galleria del Cavallino



Milano, Galleria dell'Annunciata



Milano, Galleria Bergamini



Milano, Galleria Ciliberti



Milano, Galleria del Milione



Milano, Galleria delle 3 Arti

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