Arman
biography

Born in Nice on 17 November 1928, Arman (Armand Pierre Fernandez) was, from an early age, encouraged by his father, an antiques dealer and cellist, to take up painting. In 1946 he enrolled at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in his home town and, the following year, when attending judo classes, he met Yves Klein and Claude Pascal. 

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biography

Born in Nice on 17 November 1928, Arman (Armand Pierre Fernandez) was, from an early age, encouraged by his father, an antiques dealer and cellist, to take up painting. In 1946 he enrolled at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in his home town and, the following year, when attending judo classes, he met Yves Klein and Claude Pascal. 

In 1949 he moved to Paris, where he attended the École du Louvre.

In 1953 he started to take in interest in abstract painting and, after returning from Indo-China, where he had served as a medical orderly in the French army, he participated in a series of happenings with Yves Klein.

In 1954, when visiting an exhibition of works by Kurt Schwitters at the Galerie Berggruen in Paris, he was particularly impressed by the German artist’s prints. In 1955 he made his first Cachetsand in 1956 had his first solo exhibition at the Galerie du Haut-Pavé in Paris. 

In 1959, the year when he had his first exhibition in Italy at the Galleria Apollinaire in Milan, he started to work on his Accumulations (collections of everyday objects identical to each other and, generally speaking, already used) and on his Poubelles  (refuse, debris and junk piled up in transparent containers). 

In 1960, with Yves Klein, Jean Tinguely, Daniel Spoerri, Mimmo Rotella, Christo and others, he joined the Nouveau Réalisme movement, founded by the French critic Pierre Restany.

In 1961 he had his first show in New York, where, at the Cordier-Warren Gallery he exhibited his first Coupés (objects sliced or cut) and the first Colères (smashed or brutally damaged objects). 

In 1963 he started to work on the Combustions (burned objects) and the Sculpture-Accumulations. In the same year, his exhibition at the Sidney Janis Gallery in New York, in which he displayed small mechanical gears, foreshadowed his collaboration with the Renault car firm, which started in 1967. In this period he created accumulations of mass-produced materials and parts (connectors, motor units, headlights, etc.) 

In 1967 and 1968 he represented France at major international events, such as Expo 67 in Montreal, where he displayed the Victory of Samothrace, the Venice Biennale and the documenta in Kassel. 

In 1979 he made the first of his Bétons, accumulations of concrete.  

In 1973 he took American nationality, changing his name to Armand Pierre Arman.

At the beginning of the 1980s, he had a series of solo exhibitions in Munich, Geneva, Caracas, Florence, Paris, Osaka, Tokyo and Nice. In 1981 he made the Wall Pieces, large wall-mounted sculptures consisting of instruments and kitchen utensils that were exhibited at the OK Harris Gallery in New York.

In 1990 he started to work on a new series of sculptures entitled Atlantis.

In 1999 he paid tribute to the Ferrari car firm with La Rampante, a sculpture placed in front of the Imola race track and consisting of a racing car made of red bronze, sliced and superimposed.

Arman died in New York on 22 October 2005. 

His works are now held in various important collections and over ninety museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington D.C., Tate Modern in London and the Centre Pompidou in Paris. 

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exhibitions

2019

Vence, Musée de Vence, Arman. Nouvel état des choses

Milano, MAAB Gallery, Arman. La memoria degli oggetti

  

2017

Milano, Cardi Gallery, Arman: Emesions

Roma, Fondazione Terzo Pilastro, Arman 1954-2005

 

2016

Paris, Galerie Templon, Arman accumulations 1960-1964

 

2014

Knokke, Guy Pieters Gallery, Arman: cascades

 

2011

Paris, Centre Pompidou, Arman retrospective

Basel, Musée Tinguely, Arman retrospective

 

2008

New York, Cueto Project, The flowers of evil still bloom

Torino, Palazzo Bricherasio, Arman

London, Connaught Brown, Arman – Painter

New York, Helly Nahmad Gallery, Arman: the day after

 

2007

Cannes, La Malmaison, Arman. Les inédits – collection de Jean Ferrero

Palm Desert, Imago Gallery, Arman: Polychromes

New York, French Institute Alliance Française, Arman photographs friends

 

2006

Paris, Galerie Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois, No comment

New York, Marlborough Gallery, A tribute to Arman

Nice, MAMAC, Arman: subida al cielo

 

2004

Péronne, Historial De La Grande Guerre, Arman Armé

 

2003

Milano, Galleria Fonte d’Abisso, Arman: le plein de l’art

New York, Marlborough Gallery, Arman: a survey 1954-2002

Padova, Dante Vecchiato Galleria d’Arte, Centomilacenerentole

Nice, Bibliothèque Louis Nucéra, Arman ou la lecture à l’œuvre

Tehran, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Arman

 

2002

Paris, Anne Lettrée Gallery, Arman: cycles de vie

Paris, Galerie Beaubourg, Africarmania

 

2001

Koblenz, Ludwing Museum Im Deutschherrenhaus, Arman: works on paper

Malmö, Galleri GKM, The magic of objects

New York, Marlborough Gallery, Sandwich Combos

Souzay-Champigny, Château De Villeneuve, La traverse des objets

Nice, Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Arman: passage à l’acte

Antibes Port Vauban, Chantier Naval Opéra, Ving siècles vus par Arman

 

2000

Paris, Galerie Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois, Fragmentations

Paris, Galerie Daniel Templon, Arman: racine carrée de fragments

Reggio Emilia, Assessorato Cultura e Sapere, Anatomie del tempo: opere di Arman

 

1999

Tel Aviv, Museum of Art, Arman

 

1995

Vence, Galerie Beaubourg, Château Notre-Dame-Des-Fleurs, Arman: la nuit etoile

Amsterdam, Reflex Gallery, Arman: starry night and money queens

Paris, Galerie Georges-Philippe Vallois, Accumulations Reanult 1967-1970

 

1992

Malmö, Galleri GKM, Petit format: 41 x 33

Malmö, Galleri GKM, Cordes vibrantes

Amsterdam, Reflex Modern Art Gallery, Music by Arman

 

1991

Caracas, Galeria Freites, Pinturas suicias

 

1989

Stockholm, Galleri Tornvall, Arman: accumulations brises

Paris, Galerie Beaubourg, Arman ‘shooting colors

 

1988

Paris, Galerie 1900-2000, La Galerie De Poche, Arman: œuvres 1961-1986

New York, Marisa Del Re Gallery, Arman: paintings

 

1987

Malmö, Galleri GKM, Arman: Trio of Strings

Los Angeles, Wenger Gallery, Arman: Gods and Goddesses

Los Angeles, Wenger Gallery, Arman: Selected works 1963-85

Knokke, Gallery Guy Peeters, Arman

Nice, Galerie Ferrero, Arman: Œuvres sur papier

Genève, Galerie de l’Orangeraie, Arman: Gods and Goddesses

 

1986

Zurich, Pavillon Wed, Arman

Tokyo, Fuji Television Gallery, Arman

Wichita, Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art, Arman: Retrospective

New York, Marisa del Re Gallery, Arman: Gods and Goddesses

Toronto, Waddington and Shiell Galleries Ltd., Arman: Gods and Goddesses

Kruishoutem, Fondation Veraneman, Arman

 

1985

Seoul, Walker Hill Art Center; Tokyo, Seibu Museum of Art, Arman

Toulon, Musée de Toulon, Arman Aujourd’hui

Genève, Galerie Bonnier, Arman: Œuvres choisies

Genève, Sonia Zannettacci Galerie, Arman

Paris, Châteauroux, Arman

Zurich, Galerie Ziegler, Arman

 

1984

Knokke, Christian Fayt Art Gallery, Arman

Köln, Galerie Reckermann, Arman: 15 Years 1959-1974

Charleston, Gibbes Art Gallery, Spoleto Festival, Arman

Lugano, Museo Civico delle Belle Arti, Arman o l’Oggetto come Alfabeto: Retrospettiva 1955-1984

Bay Harbor Islands, Gloria Luria Gallery,  Arman’s Orchestra

Miami, Center for the Fine Arts, Arman: Tools and Instruments

Zurich, Galerie Renee Ziegler, Arman: Objekte und Bilder

New York, Marisa del Re Gallery, Arman: The Day After

Parma, Museo d’Arte Moderna, Arman

Parma, Galleria Niccoli, Arman

 

1983

Haïfa, Goldman’s Gallery, Arman

New York, Marisa Del Re Gallery; Chicago, Goldman-Kraft Gallery; Los Angeles, Herbert Palmer Gallery, Arman’s Orchestra

Paris, Galerie Beaubourg, Arman’s Orchestra

 

1982

Nice, Galerie Sapone, Arman

Paris, Galerie Beauborug, Arman

Dublin, Solomon Gallery, Arman: Carvings and Drawings

Hannovers, Kunstmuseum Sammlung Sprengel; Darmstadt, Hessisches Landesmuseum; Tubingen, Kunsthalle; Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv Museu; Antibes, Château Grimaldi, Musée Picasso; Dunkerque, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Arman: Parade der Objekte-Retrospective 1955 bis 1982

New York, O.K. Harris Gallery, Arman

Genève, Galerie Bonnier, Arman

 

1981

Paris, Galerie Beaubourg, Arman: Bronzes soudés

Köln, Holtmann Gallery, Arman

Roma, Galleria Il Punto, Arman: Opere dal 1979

Tokyo, Galerie Akira Ikeda, Arman: Sculptures

Darmstadt, Hessisches Landesmuseum, Arman

 

1980

München, Art in Progress Gallery, Arman

Stuttgart, Hacker Gallery, Arman

Nagoya, Galerie Valeur, Arman

Osaka, Amano Gallery, Arman

Tokyo, Satani Gallery, Arman

Flaine, Centre d’Art et de Culture, Arman: Rétrospective

 

1979

Brescia, Galleria Cavellini, Arman

Genève, Galerie Bonnier, Arman

New York, Andre Emmerich Gallery, Arman

München, Art in Progress Gallery, Arman

Perpignan, Fondation de Jau, Arman

 

1978

Köln, Galerie Jõllenbeck, Exhibition of Drawings

New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery, Arman: Hard and Soft

Paris, Galerie Beaubourg, Arman

Nagoya, Galerie Valeur, Accumulation

Bruxelles, Galerie Charles Kriwin, Arman: new Works

Kruishoutem, Veraneman Foundation, Arman

Paris, Galerie Verbeck, Arman

 

1977

Nagoya, Galerie Valeur, Arman

Wichita, Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art, Arman: Paintings and Sculptures

 

1976

Nice, Galerie Sapone, Arman

Paris, Artcurial, Arman

 

1975

Hannover, Dartmouth College; Hopkins, Center Art Gallery, Arman

Paris, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Arman: Objets armés 1971-1974

Genève, Galerie Bonnier, Arman

New York, John Gibson Gallery, Conscious Vandalism

New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery, Arman: lyrical Surfaces

Paris, Galerie Beaubourg, Arman

Bruxelles, Galerie Charles Kriwin, Arman

Paris, Artcurial, Paradoxe du Temps

 

1974

Paris, Galerie Entre, Les Tas des échanges

Arles, Musée Réattu, Salles romanes de Cloître Saint-Trophime,  Arman

Paris, Galerie Daniel Templon, Arman

La Jolla, Museum of Contemporary Art; Washington, Henry Art Gallery; Fort Worth, Art Museum; Des Moines, Art Center; Buffalo, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974

New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery, Arman: Concrete Lyrics

Genève, Galerie Bonnier, Arman: Sur Béton

 

1973

Bruxelles, Galerie Charles Kriwin, Arman

New York, John Gibson Gallery, Arman: Selected Activities

New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery, Arman: Retrospective

Stockholm, Galerie Aronovitch, Arman

New York, Rosa Esman Gallery, Arman

 

1972

Venezia, Galleria Del Leone, Arman

Bâle, Galerie Arte Borgogna, Arman

 Paris, Galerie de l’Œil, Arman

 

1971

Genève, Galeire Bonnier, Arman

Vence, Galerie de La Salle, Arman

Zurich, Galerie Bischofberger, Arman

Zurich, Galerie Semiha Huber, Arman

New York, Lawrence Rubin Gallery, Arman

Paris, Galerie Michel Couturier, Arman

 

1970

Paris, Galerie Ileana Sonnabend, Arman

Los Angeles, Ace Gallery, Arman

Köln, Galerie der Spiegel, Arman

Milano, Galleria dell’Ariete, Arman

New York, Lawrence Rubin Gallery, Arman

 

1969

Genéve, Galerie Bonnier, Arman: Œuvres récentes

Paris, Galerie Ileana Sonnabend, Arman: Les Ustensiles familiers

Paris, Galerie Mathias Fels, Arman: Œuvres de 1960 à 1965

Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs; Humlebæk, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art; Berlin, Kunsthalle; Düsseldorf, Stadtische Kunsthalle; Stockholm, Moderna Museet; Ludwigshafen, Stadtische Kunstsammlungen; Zurich, Kunsthaus; Helsinki, Amos Anderson Taidemuseo, Arman: Accumulations Reanult

Stockholm, Galerie Svenk-Franska, Arman

 

1968

New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, Arman

 

1967

Paris, Galerie Ileana Sonnabend, Arman

Torino, Galleria Sperone, Arman

Nice, Galerie des Ponchettes, Arman

Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, Arman

Bruxelles, Galerie Françoise Meyer, Arman

 

1966

Stockholm, Galerie Svensk-Franska, Arman

Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Arman

Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Musée de la Ville, Arman

 

1965

Chicago, Richard Feigen Gallery, Arman

Lausanne, Galerie Bonnier, Arman

Paris, Galerie Lawrence, Arman

Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange, Arman

Paris, Galerie Michel Couturier, Arman

 

1964

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Arman

Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Arman

New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, Arman

 

1963

New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, Arman

Paris, Galerie Lawrence, Arman

Milano, Galleria Schwarz, Arman

Antwerpen, Galerie Ad Libitum, Arman

Düsseldorf, Galerie Schmela, Arman

 

1962

Gstaad, Galerie Saqqârah, Arman

Los Angeles, Dwan Gallery, Arman

 

1961

Milano, Galleria Schwarz, Arman

New York, Cordier-Warren Gallery, Arman

 

1960

Paris, Galerie Iris Clert, Le Plein

Düsseldorf, Galerie Schmela, Arman

 

1959

Paris, Galerie Saint Germain, Arman

Milano, Galleria Apollinaire, Arman

 

1958

Paris, Galerie Iris Clert, Arman

 

1957

Paris, Galerie La Roue, Arman

 

1956

Paris, Galerie du Haut-Pavé, Arman

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